DIAZEPAM (diazepam) Tablets. DESCRIPTION. Diazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative. The chemical name of diazepam is 7-chloro-1.
They are available as follows:. The 10 mg tablets are green, round, scored tablets debossed with MYLAN over 477 on one side and the other side being scored.
The structural formula is as follows:. Diazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative. The chemical name of diazepam is 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1- methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. The molecular formula is C 16 H 13 ClN 2 O and the molecular weight is 284.74. It is a colorless to light yellow crystalline compound, insoluble in water.
Minor changes in EEG patterns, usually low-voltage fast activity, have been observed in patients during and after diazepam therapy and are of no known significance.
Gastrointestinal System: constipation, nausea, gastrointestinal disturbances.
In acute alcohol withdrawal, diazepam tablets may be useful in the symptomatic relief of acute agitation, tremor, impending or acute delirium tremens and hallucinosis.
Pregnancy Category D.
Diazepam is used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Learn about side effects, interactions and indications.
Usual Pediatric Dose for Seizure Prophylaxis:
Premedication for Anesthesia: 10 mg, IM (preferred route), 1 to 2 hours before surgery.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. After you have stopped using this medicine, flush any unused pills down the toilet.
l your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially: cimetidine; disulfiram (Antabuse); omeprazole; phenytoin;
Usual Adult Dose for Alcohol Withdrawal:
Febrile seizure prophylaxis in children: Oral: 1 mg/kg/day orally in divided doses every 8 hours.
Sources: Diazepam is a Schedule IV controlled substance and is available by prescription in tablet, gel and injectable form. Valium tablets are white (2 mg).
Morland J, Setekleiv J, Haffner JF, Stromsaether CE, Danielsen A, Wethe GH. Combined effects of diazepam and ethanol on mental and psychological functions. Acta Pharmacol Toxicol 1974;34(!):5-15.
Performance Effects : Laboratory studies have shown that single doses of diazepam (5-20 mg) are capable of causing significant performance decrements, with maximal effect occurring at approximay 2 hour post dose, and lasting up to at least 3-4 hours. Decreases in divided attention, increases in lane travel, slowed reaction time (auditory and visual), increased braking time, decreased eye-hand coordination, and impairment of tracking, vigilance, information retrieval, psychomotor and cognitive skills have been recorded.
Find patient medical information for Diazepam Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
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Make sure lab personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug. This medication may interfere with certain lab tests, possibly causing false test results.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor.
Diazepam, first marketed as Valium by Hoffmann-La Roche, is a benzodiazepine drug. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, muscle relaxant.
Benzodiazepine overdoses may be treated effectively in a hospital environment, with generally favorable outcomes. Symptoms of a benzodiazepine overdose may include severe thought deceleration, slurred speech, confusion, delusions, respiratory depression, coma or death. Benzodiazepine overdoses are sometimes treated with flumazenil, a GABA A antagonist [28 ], however care is primarily supportive in nature.
Artificial respiration and stabilization of cardiovascular functions may also be necessary.